The United Nations Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team released its latest report on the Islamic State (IS) and Al-Qaeda on 11 July. The Monitoring Team, which releases reports every six months, notes that the issues that have recently “preoccupied” it are “the spread of terrorism in Africa and the implications of the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan”, and these “remain unresolved and continue to represent major concerns”. But in first half of 2022, “the most dynamic developments” have taken place in IS’s “core area”, i.e. Iraq and Syria. The report says that the threat from IS and Al-Qaeda “remains relatively low in non-conflict zones”, such as Europe, but the “threat remains high” in “areas directly affected by conflict or neighbouring it”, specifically “Africa, Central and South Asia, and the Levant”. IS “poses the more immediate threat in this regard, although some regard Al-Qaeda as the more dangerous group in the longer term.” IS also has the legacy of the human networks that directed the foreign fighter flows to Iraq and Syria as a “major potential threat multiplier”.